Romanian Journal of Information Science and Technology (ROMJIST)

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ROMJIST is a publication of Romanian Academy,
Section for Information Science and Technology

Editor – in – Chief:
Academician Dan Dascalu

Secretariate (office):
Adriana Neagu
Adress for correspondence: romjist@nano-link.net (after 1st of January, 2019)

Editing of the printed version: Mihaela Marian (Publishing House of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest)

Technical editor
of the on-line version:
Lucian Milea (University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest)

Sponsors:
• National Institute for R & D
in Microtechnologies
(IMT Bucharest), www.imt.ro
• Association for Generic
and Industrial Technologies (ASTEGI), www.astegi.ro

ROMJIST Volume 23, No. 1, 2020, pp. 3-37, Paper no. 635/2020
 

Theodor BORANGIU, Octavian MORARIU, Silviu RĂILEANU, Damien TRENTESAUX, Paulo LEITÃO, Jose BARATA
Digital transformation of manufacturing. Industry of the Future with Cyber-Physical Production Systems

ABSTRACT: This paper analyses the main research direction for the digital transformation of manufacturing and its important drivers: cloud services and resource virtualization that have led to the new Cloud Manufacturing (CMfg) model - an industrial replica of Cloud Computing. This model is adopted for the higher layer of the Manufacturing Execution System (e.g. the centralised, hierarchical System Scheduler), while its lower layers distribute intelligence through agent - and service orientation in the holonic paradigm. In this approach, Intelligent Manufacturing Systems are assimilated to Cyber-Physical Production Systems in which informational and operational technologies are merged, the shop floor physical reality being mirrored by virtual counterparts - the digital twins that represent abstract entities specific for the manufacturing domain: products, orders and resources. Industry 4.0 represents the vision for the Industry of the Future which is based on Cyber-Physical Production Systems that assure the flexible, dynamically reconfigurable control of strongly coupled processes. In this picture of the future manufacturing industry, the Industrial Internet of Things framework provides connectivity and interoperability to integrate communications between different kinds of things: products, orders and resources and legacy manufacturing devices to the web service ecosystem. The paper describes the scientific issues related to big data processing, analytics and intelligent decision making through machine learning in predictive resource maintenance, optimized production planning and control, lists solutions and proposes new research directions.

KEYWORDS: Digital manufacturing, Cloud services, Resource virtualization, Cloud manufacturing, Holonic manufacturing control, Multi-Agent System, Real-time data analysis, Machine learning, Digital twin, Cyber Physical Production System, Industrial Internet of ...

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