Mihai Spăriosu, Gheorghe M. Ştefan
Foreword
pp. 105-108

 

 

 

 

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Mihai I. Spăriosu
Foreword Computational Models of Intercultural Relations in Banat and Transylvania: Theoretical and Practical Issues
pp. 109-130
Abstract | Read the pdf

 

 

Abstract. This paper outlines the basic issues and challenges in building and testing computational models of intercultural conflict and harmony in Banat and Transylvania, using selected archival and online records of intercultural relations between heterogeneous populations in these regions at important moments in their history. This kind of project, the paper argues, can be successful only if it combines the qualitative methods of the humanities and the social sciences with the latest analytical and statistical methods from the Artificial Intelligence (AI) field of data mining, using entity relation modeling based on entity identification. The paper then describes a new method of parallel computation, based on the Quantum Relations Principle (QRP) – an offshoot of general systems theory, specifically complexity and self-organization theory, which is ideally suited for the modeling of intercultural relations. Read the pdf.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Mihaela Maliţa, Gheorghe Ştefan
Real Complexity vs. Apparent Complexity in Modeling Social Processes
pp. 131–143

 

Abstract. Complexity science, developed in the last few decades, starts from the unproved presupposition that the foundations of the processes which manifest themselves as complex are simple. Thus, it was easy to build quickly various models for complex processes. But, in the current stage of development we start, little by little, to become aware of the main limitations introduced by the deep simplicity hypothesis. Indeed, it is hard to explain the high phenomenological complexity by deep structural simplicity. Between phenomenon and structure we propose the intermediate concept of architecture, as a supporting environment for maximizing the complexity captured in our models. Read the pdf.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ştefan Trăuşan-Matu
A Polyphonic Model, Analysis Method and Computer Support Tools for the Analysis of Socially-Built Discourse
pp. 144-154

 

Abstract. The paper presents the polyphonic model of discourse, an associated analysis method and computer support tools based on them, following a socio-cultural approach and focusing on discourse built socially, for example in inter-ethnic debates. Natural Language Processing and Social Network Analysis methods were used for analyzing discourse in order to provide visualizations, feedback, and proposing conducting inter-animations toward a equilibrium-based polyphonic weaving. Read the pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Hardy F. SCHLOER
The Quantum Relation Principle: Technological Implementation and Real World Application in Intercultural Conflict Detection and Management

pp. 155–176

 

Abstract. The Quantum Relations Principle (QRP) is a theoretical and practical tool that guides us in building dynamic reality models that can measure the interactions of mutual causality among various observers and can make assumptions about how they may behave and affect each other in the future. The QRP approach redefines common computer intelligence (AI) into a n-dynamic (different dynamics in different frames of reference) and n-dimensional (quantum relational) parallel system, which is much more in tune with the way the human brain works. It has the advantage, however, of running on modern supercomputers, and therefore is highly scalable. In that way, it is poised to vastly outperform the human brain and thus greatly surpass human performance at all levels.
QRP systems are ideally suited to model, analyze and offer solutions to very complex real-world problems, including interethnic and intercultural conflicts. The paper discusses a recent example from the Middle East to demonstrate both the predictive and the solution-oriented capabilities of the QRP systems. But similar QRP analytic methods can be applied to conflictive situations in other regions of the world, for example to the modeling of the historically tense relations between Hungarian and Romanian ethnic groups in Transylvania, or more generally, to the very complex intercultural relations in Central and Eastern Europe. Read the pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Mihaela Maliţa, Gheorghe Ştefan
Control Global Loops in Self-Organizing Systems
pp. 177–191

 

Abstract. Self-organizing systems are used to model complex or at least apparent complex behaviors. The idea currently in use is to study global behaviors based only on fixed and local rules. The emergence of a specific global behavior depends too strongly on the initial state of the system. This chaotic aspect can be avoided adding, besides the local loops, a global control loop to balance the too big “local freedom”. The global loop can be used to tune the local behavior so as the entire system becomes more stable. Using various reduction functions some global parameters are extracted from the system and sent back locally to the elements of the system. The information received locally through the global loop is used to “tune” the local behavior. So the self-organized system becomes “less self-organized”, but more flexible in maintaining its global state in prescribed limits. In order to illustrate the idea, the paper presents simple examples of cellular automata with global loops. Read the pdf.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Marcel CREMENE, Ligia CREMENE, Dumitru DUMITRESCU
A Game Theoretical Perspective on Cooperation in Low Confidence Environments
pp. 192-202

 

Abstract. Cooperation is a key behaviour for common welfare. Spontaneous order occurs only under special conditions and often remains immaterialized or leads to situations that are not favorable to the society as a whole. The information society revolution, overlapping the particular political and economic context creates a highly dynamic, unpredictable social context. Emergence of cooperative behaviour in such a context is analyzed within the framework of Computational Game Theory. The Prisoner's Dilemma game yields a non-cooperative behaviour if played only ones. When the game is repeated players learn that they can gain more if they cooperate. But repetition does not seem to be favored by a rapidly changing environment. Our main hypothesis is that the lack of a reasonable expectation concerning the continuation of the game induces selfish, short-time thought actions, or actions based on altered perception, which do not favor social cooperation. Normal game and spatial scenarios are analyzed. Results indicate that low confidence conditions increase the incentive to defect. Read the pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Mihai SUCIU, Noemi GASKO, Dumitru DUMITRESCU
Evolutionary Dynamic for Inter-Group Cooperation
pp. 203–216

 

Abstract. The evolution of cooperation has been intensively studied in social sciences, biology, and economics mainly using the Prisoner's Dilemma game. Previous studies concentrate on the dynamics of cooperation in a single group. We study the emergence and evolution of cooperation between groups. A new approach of modeling the Prisoner's Dilemma based interactions is presented. A  hypergraph representation allowing a detailed study of interaction between groups is considered. Simulations indicate conditions for emergence of inter-group cooperation. Read the pdf.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Martin NEUMANN
Securizitating the Nation: Simulating the Dynamics at the Case of Yugoslavia
pp. 217–236

 

Abstract. This paper describes a simulation model of the escalation of ethnic conflicts in the former Yugoslavia. To integrate as much empirical evidence as possible from conflicting explanations of the conflicts the theory of securitization is applied. This allows to overcome the dichotomy of conflicting explanations, namely the thesis of ancient hatred and the thesis of political manipulation. To represent this theory, the simulation model consists of two agent classes: politicians, who enforce value orientations, and citizens, who form paramilitary militia. Simulation results reveal the mechanisms of securitization. Political actors can stimulate the emergence of ethnic mistrust and conflicts, but this ability is shaped by the network structure of the citizens. Read the pdf.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Vlad JECAN, Radu MEZEA
Concept Mapping of Ideological Positioning in Cultural and Political Periodicals in the Interbellum Cluj
pp. 237–250

 

Abstract. The number of periodicals increased dramatically between 1919 and 1945 in Romania. New periodicals were published in either Romanian or Hungarian languages. In the context of the Great Union and following the 1923 constitution, we investigate the political positioning of both Hungarian and Romanian periodicals published in Cluj-Napoca in the Interbellum period. For our research, we have selected the introductory article of each new publication and extracted key terms relating to main themes to represent the political positioning of each of the publications. We used formal concept analysis to determine and analyze the different conceptual hierarchies that were constructed in the Interbellum period by publications belonging to the two cultures and we conclude that the Romanian periodicals suggest a conservative political positioning while Hungarian publications refer mostly to a search for adaptation to the new political context rather than expressing a clear political positioning. In addition, we have identified several research ideas and encourage further investigations based on our findings. Read the pdf.